The TIP system was developed by Hewitt ‘Rusty” Clark at the University of South Florida. TIP is designed to engage youth in their transition to independence. Several programs and states referenced in this report have successful YIT programs based on the principals of the TIP model.
TIP was developed to engage youth and young adults in their own future planning process, provide developmentally appropriate services and supports, and involve them and their families and other informal key players in a process that prepares and facilitates their movement toward greater self sufficiency and successful achievement of their goals.
The TIP Model has seven components:
- Engage young people through relationship development, person-centered planning, and a focus on their futures:
· Build relationships;
· Facilities goal setting;
· Respect culture and family values.
- Tailor services and supports to be accessible, coordinated, developmentally appropriate, and build on strategies to enhance the young people to pursue their goals across all transition domains:
· Community life functioning.
- Acknowledge and develop personal choice and social responsibility with young people:
· Maximize likelihood of success of young people.
- Ensure a safety net of support by involving a young person’s parents, family members and other informal and formal key players:
· Provide assistance to family members in understanding transitions;
· Create an atmosphere of hopefulness.
- Enhance young person’s competencies and assist them in achieving great self sufficiency and confidence:
· Teach meaningful skills;
· Self -advocacy;
· Problem solving.
- Maintain an outcome focus in the TIP system at the young person, program and community levels:
· Evaluate the responsiveness of the TIP system.
- Involve young people, parents and other community partners in the TIP system at the practice, program and community levels:
· Maximize involvement of young people;
· Tap talents of peers and mentors;
· Advocate for reform and funding to support an affordable service system for young people to transition to the future.
Table of Contents
Overview of Literature Search
I) Access and Linkages
A. Cross Systems Approach
B. Care Coordination
C. Family Links
B. Diverse Populations Involved with Youth in Transition
C. Schools (Screenings and Assessments)
A. Overarching Service Needs
C. Education Services
D. Self-Determination and Empowerment
E. Youth Mentors
F. Clinical Services
G. Individualized and Person Centered Planning
H. Cultural Competence
I. Adult Skills Training
A. Overarching Funding including Blended Models
B. Youth Oriented Services
C. Employment and Education
(Subset of Youth-Oriented Services)
D. Clinical Services
A. Various Housing Options for Youth in Transition
B. YIT Services Linked to Housing
C. Housing Model Funding
VI) Transition to Independence Process System (TIP)
(Emerging Best Practice)